This page is one of a series about the soils of Pennsylvania, referenced in county soil properties. Data source: National Resource Conservation Service, USDA.
The Pennystone Project provides information relating to sustainable landscape practices using native species, with emphasis on Pennsylvania.
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Hagerstown soil series
Where they are found: floors of valleys and adjacent hillsides in Pennsylvania (424,000 acres), Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee and possibly in Missouri, Indiana and Ohio.
NRCS Major Land Resource Areas:
General description: well drained, deep silt and silty clay loams with moderate permeability formed in residuum of fairly pure, hard gray limestone with slopes that can range as much as 45 percent but are typically less than 15 percent gradient. Hagerstown soils are often found in complexes involving Carbo, Opequon and rock outcrops. Taxonomy: fine, mixed, semiactive, mesic Typic Hapludalfs.
Mean annual precipitation ranges from 30 to 45 inches and temperature from 45 to 48 degrees F. Most of the area is used for a variety of crops and pastures, with large areas in non-farm use. Native vegetation is mixed hardwoods, including black walnut.
Primary canopy trees:
- Liriodendron tulipifera
- Quercus rubra
- Clinton County (Hagerstown silt loam, silty clay loam, and Hagerstown-Opequon silty clay loams and Opequon-Hagerstown silty clay loams)
- Carya spp.
- Pinus virginiana
- Quercus alba
- Quercus rubra
- Tilia americana
Geographically associated soils include